Summer is finally here and getting longer hours of sunlight can boost our health and wellness. However, smart sun exposure is the most natural way to prevent sunburn or skin damage. Sunlight exposure can lead to superficial sunburns which also can lead to cancers such as melanoma. It is very important to consider the dangerous effects of ultraviolet light. UV radiation has damaging effects on DNA.
Steps to prevent skin damage:
SPF does matter. Sun Protection Factor, also known as SPF, is a measure of how well a sunscreen can protect human skin from the sun’s harmful UVB rays. More specifically, SPF refers to how well a sunscreen protects the skin from turning red and causing the colloquial “sunburn”. SPF 30 filters 97 percent of rays. It is best to use a safe sunscreen and check with the environmental working group: https://www.ewg.org/sunscreen/best-sunscreens/best-beach-sport-sunscreens/
Activity level: Apply a thick enough layer on your skin and apply more frequently depending on your activity. For swimmers, it is best to choose a more water-resistant type of sunscreen. Considering the amount of time spent outside is another important factor. A sunscreen with a higher SPF will help ensure adequate protection. Both physical barrier and chemical barrier sunscreens are effective in sun protection activities and sports.
Get a new bottle of Sunscreen every year: After a years’ time it may lose its effectiveness
Nutrition can help boost sun protection:
Astaxanthin is a carotenoid that comes from algae, yeast, salmon, trout, krill, shrimp, and crayfish, giving some of these animals their orange-pink color. Astaxanthin prevents the increase in HO-1 that is caused by UV exposure.
This B3 (Nicotinamide) is an essential co factor of ATP production which is used as an energy source within the cells of our body. Preventing ATP depletion, B3 can increase cellular energy and DNA repair. These foods include liver, chicken breast, Tuna, Turkey, Salmon, anchovies and ground beef.
Beta- Carotene enhances Vitamin A activity. It has an antioxidant effect increasing defenses against UV light. Foods high in beta-carotene include sweet potatoes, carrots, dark leafy greens, butternut squash, cantaloupe, lettuce, red bell peppers, apricots, broccoli, and peas.
Vitamin E rich foods include nuts, spinach, whole grains, olive oil, and sunflower oil.[ Vitamin E comes from plants and must be obtained through diet. Studies have suggested that it has antitumorigenic and photoprotective properties with the ability to protect the skin from the sun’s supplement can inhibit the formation of the harmful reactive oxygen species induced from UV light.
PREVENT TICK BITES TO AVOID LYME AND OTHER TICK BITE DISEASES
Using repellents when doing outdoor activities, check for ticks and shower after being outdoors to reduce your chance of getting a tickborne disease. Get medical attention if you have a tick bite followed by a fever or rash.
Before You Go Outdoors
Know where to expect ticks. Ticks live in grassy, brushy, or wooded areas, or even on animals, so spending time outside camping, gardening, or hunting could bring you in close contact with ticks. Many people get ticks in their own yard or neighborhood.
Treat clothing and gear with products containing permethrin. Permethrin can be used to treat boots, clothing, and camping gear and remain protective through several washings.
ET, picaridin, IR3535, oil of lemon eucalyptus (OLE), para-menthane-diol (PMD), or 2-undecanone. EPA’s helpful search toolexternal icon can help you find the product that best suits your needs. Always follow product instructions, especially with children.
Do not use insect repellent on babies younger than 2 months old.
Do not use products containing OLE or PMD on children under 3 years old.
Most effective botanical ingredient includes Oil of Lemon Eucalyptus with enhanced PMD concentration. Check out the Environmental Working Group :https://www.ewg.org/research/ewgs-guide-bug-repellents/ewg-repellent-guide
If you work outdoors, find more information about protection at the NIOSH Tick-borne Diseases Workplace Safety and Health Topics. www.cdc.gov/features/environmentalhealth.html
Removing a tick: The longer a tick is attached, the greater your risk of getting a tick-borne infection like Lyme Disease, Anaplasmosis, Babesiosis, Powassan Virus etc. The CDC recommend the use of a “fine tipped” or “pointy” tweezers like TICK EASE for tick removal. The use of household tweezers increases the chances of tearing the tick, and other tick removal tools are not suitable for removing tiny nymphal stage deer ticks.
Be Safe and Healthy while you’re enjoying your Summer!!!